Feeding aquarium fish: Types of feed
To a large extent the proper development and health of aquarium fish depends on what they are fed. Fish food should be rich in protein, which ensures the growth of fish and their ability to reproduce, fats and carbohydrates are energy suppliers, minerals are responsible for skeletal formation, blood and muscular system, vitamins are also necessary for normal life of fish.
Menu fish must be varied, or the fish will get sick. To feed the fish also preferably at the same time. Living in a confined space fish adapt to the diet, however, should take into account the nature of their food under natural conditions. Some species of fish feed on the surface of the water, the other in the bottom area, and some kinds of fish prefer to dine in the water column, the depth of the aquarium.
The average daily intake of feed adult fish is 2-5% by mass, fry – 30%. The portions for feeding selected so that the food eaten by adult fish in half an hour, and fry for two hours. Fish should be fed 2-3 times a day.
Almost all kinds of aquarium fishes needed additional plant fertilizing.
Optimal balance of the diet positively affects the development of aquarium fish, enhances their immunity, improves metabolic processes that best reflects the behavior and appearance of fish.
Dry fish food – Daphnia, gammarus (small crustaceans), Cyclops, bloodworms – contains everything needed to fish nutrients. Food is small portions so the fish can eat in 15 minutes. No need to put too much food – its remains will lead to water pollution. The pet stores today offer a wide range of complete dry food for aquarium fish.
Canned food is cooked meat, fillet of sea fish, shrimp, squid, mussels, caviar, beef heart, egg yolk and nutritional yeast. This type of feed is also commercially available.